What Happens if You Die Without a Will in Hawaii? The Risks of Intestacy

Death is an inevitable part of life, and preparing for it is crucial. While nobody likes to dwell on the subject, it is essential to consider what will happen to your assets and belongings after you pass away. One way to ensure your wishes are honored is by creating a will. However, if you die without a will in Hawaii, your estate will be subject to the laws of intestacy. In this article, we will explore the risks associated with intestacy and why it is important to have a will in place.

Understanding Intestacy

Intestacy refers to the situation in which an individual dies without leaving behind a valid will or any other form of estate planning document. When this occurs, the distribution of the deceased person's assets is determined by the intestate succession laws of the state in which they resided. In Hawaii, these laws are outlined in the Hawaii Revised Statutes, specifically in Chapter 560.

The Risks of Intestacy

  1. No Control over Asset Distribution: Dying without a will means surrendering control over who receives your assets. Intestacy laws dictate that your estate will be distributed according to a predetermined order of priority, often starting with the surviving spouse and children, followed by other relatives. This may result in assets being distributed in a way that does not align with your intentions or wishes.

  2. Potential Disputes among Family Members: Intestacy can lead to conflicts and disputes among family members. When there is no clear guidance provided by a will, disagreements can arise regarding the distribution of assets. These disputes can strain family relationships and may even require legal intervention to resolve, resulting in unnecessary emotional and financial burdens.

  3. Increased Expenses and Delays: The probate process in intestacy cases can be time-consuming and costly. Without a will, the court will appoint an administrator to manage the estate, which often requires posting a bond. The administrator's duties include locating and gathering assets, paying off debts, and distributing the remaining assets to the rightful heirs. This process can result in delays, additional legal fees, and administrative expenses that reduce the overall value of the estate.

  4. Unintended Beneficiaries: Intestacy laws may distribute assets to individuals whom you did not intend to benefit from your estate. For example, if you are in a second marriage without a prenuptial agreement, your assets could be divided between your surviving spouse and children from a previous marriage, potentially causing financial difficulties for your spouse.

  5. No Provision for Charitable Donations or Special Bequests: Dying without a will means missing an opportunity to leave a legacy through charitable donations or make specific bequests to individuals or organizations close to your heart. With a will, you can outline your philanthropic goals and ensure that they are carried out after your passing.

The Importance of Creating a Will

Having a will is crucial, regardless of the size of your estate. By creating a will, you take control of your legacy, ensuring that your assets are distributed according to your wishes. Here are a few reasons why it is important to create a will:

  1. Control: A will allows you to determine how your assets will be distributed after your death. It provides you with the power to decide who will receive what, including family members, friends, or charitable organizations.

  2. Appointing Guardianship: If you have minor children, a will allows you to designate a guardian who will be responsible for their care in the event of your death. This ensures that your children will be raised by someone you trust and who shares your values.

  3. Minimizing Conflict: A well-drafted will can help minimize potential disputes among family members. By clearly outlining the distribution of your assets, you can reduce the chances of disagreements and conflicts arising among your loved ones.

  4. Protecting Your Spouse: Creating a will is particularly important if you are in a non-traditional or blended family. Without a will, your surviving spouse may not receive the assets and financial support they need. By including provisions for your spouse in your will, you can provide them with the necessary protection and security.

  5. Planning for Taxes: A will allows you to consider tax implications and implement strategies to minimize estate taxes. By consulting with an estate planning attorney, you can explore options such as establishing trusts or making specific gifts to reduce the tax burden on your estate.

  6. Expressing Special Wishes: A will provides an opportunity to express your special wishes and instructions. This can include funeral arrangements, the distribution of sentimental items, or the care of pets. While these may seem like minor details, they can bring comfort and clarity to your loved ones during a difficult time.

Creating Your Will

To create a valid will in Hawaii, certain requirements must be met. It is advisable to consult with an experienced estate planning attorney who can guide you through the process and ensure that your will is legally binding. Here are some key steps involved in creating a will:

  1. Seek Professional Assistance: An attorney specializing in estate planning can provide expert advice tailored to your specific circumstances. They will help you understand the legal requirements, evaluate your assets, and draft a comprehensive will that reflects your wishes.

  2. Identify Your Assets and Beneficiaries: Take stock of your assets, including property, investments, bank accounts, and personal belongings. Consider who you want to inherit these assets and make a list of your intended beneficiaries.

  3. Appoint an Executor: Choose a trusted individual to serve as the executor of your will. This person will be responsible for managing your estate, ensuring that your wishes are carried out, and handling the administrative tasks involved.

  4. Draft Your Will: Work with your attorney to draft your will, including provisions for asset distribution, guardianship of minor children, and any specific instructions or wishes you want to include. Review the document carefully to ensure it accurately reflects your intentions.

  5. Execute and Store Your Will: Sign your will in the presence of witnesses as required by Hawaii law. Store the original copy in a safe and accessible location, such as a secure deposit box or with your attorney. Inform your loved ones of the existence and location of your will.

Regularly Review and Update Your Will

Creating a will is not a one-time event. It is important to review and update your will periodically, especially when significant life events occur, such as marriage, divorce, the birth of children, or the acquisition of new assets. By keeping your will up to date, you can ensure that it continues to reflect your current wishes and protects your loved ones' interests.


Dying without a will in Hawaii can lead to a variety of risks and complications, including the loss of control over asset distribution, family disputes, increased expenses, unintended beneficiaries, and missed opportunities for charitable donations or special bequests. By creating a will, you take control of your estate, minimize conflicts, protect your loved ones, and leave a lasting legacy according to your wishes. Consult with an estate planning attorney to ensure your will is properly drafted and legally binding, providing peace of mind for you and your family.